The appearance and size of the pores are a concern that most women have since generally, our purpose is to achieve the appearance of skin that is as smooth and soft as possible.
In my case, my skin is a combination but it leans more to the type of oily skin, which causes the appearance of my pores to be a constant concern that I seek to minimize with the use of a good ‘skincare‘ routine and facials applied by an expert.
Although the size of the pores never really decreases, we can always improve their appearance through different products and treatments, however, to be sure that we are using the correct treatment we must know the causes as they can be diverse.
For this reason, we recommend that before applying any cream, serum, or undergoing any treatment, it is important that you visit a dermatologist to guide you and not hurt your skin.
- What are large pores?
- How to reduce the appearance of pores?
What are large pores?
It is important to comment that most of our body is covered by pores since it is how our body is responsible for releasing sebum and sweat, so we can say that there are two types of pores.
The pores that are responsible for releasing sebum, protect and lubricate the skin around the hair follicles and are the ones that tend to become clogged with dead cells, dirt, and bacteria, while the others are responsible for expelling sweat and toxins.
There are different reasons why the size of your pores can increase, for example, your skin type, if you have oily skin your pores may be clogged by excess sebum production; if you suffer from acne or suffer from sun damage or you expose yourself to the sun for a long time without using SPF since ultraviolet rays decrease the production of collagen, which is the protein that allows your pores to be smaller.
Reasons why pores can dilate.
Open pores and acne
It is common for people who suffer from acne to also deal with dilation of pores since, as we mentioned earlier, dilation of the pores is synonymous with the increase in the production of oil in the skin.
Genetics also plays a very important role in these aspects since open pores are something that can be inherited.
If you have large pores it does not necessarily mean that you are doomed to have acne but it does make you more prone.
Open pores and combination skin
If your skin type is mixed, it is likely that your skin is dry and/or dehydrated in some areas and produces a lot of sebum in others.
It is very important to clarify that not because your skin looks oily it does not need hydration, on the contrary when skin is in a state of dehydration it begins to produce more sebum than normal to compensate for this lack of water and this increases the possibility of having pore-clogging.
Enlarged pores and pimples
It is a common belief that blackheads are dirt that accumulates in our pores, however, this is not the case. What actually happens is that the waste from the skin, in this case, the sebum, is exposed to the atmosphere and begins to oxidize.
Therefore, it is important to clarify that having large dilated pores does not mean that you will have blackheads, what causes the production of blackheads is that your pores are clogged.
How to reduce the appearance of pores?
As we already mentioned, the size of your pores never really decreases, but what you can do is take care of your skin and treat it to achieve a much smoother and more youthful appearance.
As someone who suffers from large pores, the advice that I can give you does not stress, give yourself and your skin time to find the right products and treatments, everything is a process, and do it to achieve healthier skin, not to fit in with beauty standards, because the reality is that we all have imperfections.
According to the American Academic Association of Dermatology, there are different treatments or actions that you can do at home to improve the appearance of your pores.
1 – Use non-comodogenic products
This advice is applicable both for your skincare products and for your makeup.
The term “non-comedogenic” means that the product is oil-free because this will not cause your pores to clog.
When you use products that do not meet these characteristics, it is very common that your pores expand making them much more visible.
How to find non-comedogenic products? Generally, the packaging mentions when the product has this characteristic, otherwise, other words that you can use as a reference is when the product mentions that it is ‘oil free’ or oil-free and that it does not cover pores.
2 – Wash your face twice a day
When you wash your face, you leave it free of sebum, which contributes to making your pores cleaner, however, you must follow several tips to wash your face without irritating, for example: ideally, you should use a dermatological and non-comedogenic soap, When you wash your face, try to do it with warm water and not hot since hot water tends to dilate the pores.
3 – Use retinol
Retinol is a substance that contains multiple benefits for our skin, one of those benefits is that it helps improve the appearance of pores.
If you are considering starting to use retinol, you should take into account that you should apply it at night since it is a substance that in some cases can irritate.
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding your baby, you should wait to incorporate retinol into your skincare routine.
4 – Treat acne
When you have acne, one of the best things you can do is use soaps that contain salicylic acid since it is one of the components that most helps to clean pores.
Although there are currently salicylic acid cleansers that are gentle enough and friendly to your skin, if you notice that salicylic acid begins to irritate your skin, you can try alternating cleansers.
5 – Use sun protection
I said it before and I repeat it if you do not use the proper sun protection in your ‘skincare’ routine, it doesn’t matter how many products you use, it will be no use.
The same happens when trying to reduce the appearance of pores since the more sun damage your skin has, the more it loses firmness and this causes the size of your pores to look larger.
6 – Exfoliate your skin
Although exfoliation is an important process to maintain the healthy appearance of your skin, you must do it gently in order not to damage your skin, another important factor is that you should not do it every day.
If you do not feel very safe doing this process anyway, you can always consult a dermatologist.
If you are interested in knowing the proper way to exfoliate your face, you can watch this video:
7 – Be careful with your skin
We know that having blackheads on your skin can cause some anxiety that causes you to try to remove them yourself, believe me, what I have done and it is not the best option since it can damage and irritate your skin.
Although removing blackheads is a process that helps in the appearance of pores, an expert must do it, be it a dermatologist or your most trusted cosmetologist.
Effective procedures to improve the appearance of your pores
Although the skincare routine and the advice we have given you above can be effective, we know that sometimes we need extra help.
That is why there are different treatments with which you can help improve the appearance of your skin.
8 – Laser treatments
This treatment is known as fractional ablative laser skin resurfacing and aims to diminish the appearance of pores as well as acne scars.
One of its advantages is that, unlike other treatments, it does not burn the layers of the skin so much and the recovery time is longer.
One of the side effects of this treatment is that you may experience swelling or redness that usually goes away 2 to 5 days later.
9 – Chemical peels
Performing these treatments generally requires the use of substances such as retinol and salicylic acid, as it seeks to remove layers of dead skin to reveal smoother and healthier skin.
It should be noted that these treatments can be somewhat aggressive with your skin, so we recommend that you go to a specialist on the subject.
10 – Microneedles
This is a non-invasive treatment used to improve the appearance of the skin, it is also known as collagen induction therapy.
It consists of a device that generates microchannels for the transdermal transfer of substances or drugs to heal the skin and stimulate the production of collagen and elastin.
As you will see, although the size of the pores cannot really be modified, there are a wide variety of options that can help you improve the appearance of your skin, remember that anyone you decide to try, remember to be patient with your skin, any change takes time.